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Podiatrist - Clark, NJ
1114 Raritan Road
Clark, NJ 07066

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Posts for category: foot deformities

By Clark Podiatry Center
July 01, 2019
Category: foot deformities

If one or more of the joints in your toes look like an inverted ‘v’, you may have something called a hammertoe.  What is a hammertoe? A hammertoe is when one or more of the joints in your second, third, or fourth toe is abnormally bent to one side. Hammertoes can be both painful and uncomfortable and, if not treated properly, lead to surgery. There are two types of hammertoes. One is a flexible hammertoe where the toe can still bend. The other is a rigid hammertoe where the toe is stiff. This type will, most likely, require surgery to resolve. 

Risk factors for a hammertoe include:

  • Age - the older a person is, the more likely they are to develop a hammertoe
  • Sex – women are more apt to develop a hammertoe due to poorly fitting shoes
  • Toe length – the longer the toes, the more it is likely to be bent as ligaments and muscles may not be as strong as on shorter toes
  • Diseases – diabetes and arthritis can cause hammertoes
  • Genetics – a hammertoe can be passed on from relatives through bone structures

It is very important to always have proper fitting shoes. Poor fitting shoes with little room for toes is one cause as are high heel shoes which push toes together. An injury can also contribute to a hammertoe, especially one that damages the toes ligaments and/or muscles.

Treating a hammertoe includes:

  • Change shoes to shoes that fit better and have more room for your toes
  • Orthotics – certain types of footwear pads may be available to help
  • Wear lower heels – will shift the foot weight back away from the toes
  • Toe exercises – some podiatrists recommend trying to pick up marbles with your toes to strengthen muscles and ligaments
  • Surgery – a podiatrist may need to operate and either loosen the tight ligament and/or muscles or cut away bone

The good news about hammertoes is that it is a treatable condition. If you believe you either have or are developing a hammertoe, or have any other concerns about your feet, schedule an appointment with Clark Podiatry Center to see our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brandon A. Macy. He can assess your feet to ensure that you keep your feet healthy. Visit us at our Clark, New Jersey office today!

By Clark Podiatry Center
January 07, 2019
Category: foot deformities

If you have toe deformities, chances are, your parents or their parents had them too. Many foot issues are inherited, and that includes digital deformities like bunions, hammertoes, mallet toes, claw toes, as well as overlapping and underlapping toes.

So, should you be worried about passing toe deformities on to your children?

While there’s a good chance that you might pass on your toe problems through your genes, the good news is that there are ways to treat them.

  • Bunion – A bunion is characterized by a bony growth from the side of the big toe joint, which, in turn, causes the big toe to point toward the other smaller toes. The bony spur can also develop on the outside of the pinky toe.  
  • Claw Toe – When you’ve got nerve damage in your toes, it can cause the joints in your toes to become weak. The joint at the base of the toe bends upward, while the rest of the toe slumps downward. It makes the toes look like it’s clawing the ground.
  • Hammertoes – When the middle toe joint bends upward, making the toe’s shape look like an upside-down “V” that is called a hammertoe. It occurs because there is an imbalance in the muscles, tendons, or the ligaments of the feet.
  • Mallet Toes – An additional deformity due to an imbalance of the muscles, tendons, or the ligaments of the feet is characterized by the toe joint closest to the toenail bending upward called mallet toes.
  • Overlapping or underlapping toes – In some cases, the conditions exist from birth. The smaller toes are usually the ones affected. The muscles, tendons, ligaments, or bones are misaligned.

In most cases, these toe deformities are treatable, especially when detected early. Some treatment options include:

  • Toe Exercises – For some mild cases of toe deformity issues, strengthening the soft tissues around toes can help the toes regain their form.
  • Taping – In the cases where the soft tissues just need a little help, taping the toes can help straighten them out.
  • Splinting – If the toes are in bad form, they may be interfering with certain activities. Splinting them can help them become stronger while keeping them in good shape.
  • Surgery – When non-invasive remedies don’t work, and the toe deformities are severe, it may be necessary to set the bones and/or loosen the tendons or ligaments that might be causing the toe deformity.

So if you’ve got toe deformities, don’t fret! Come see our board-certified podiatrist, Dr. Brandon Macy at Clark Podiatry Center. He can assess your feet, and find the best treatment for your toe problems. Make an appointment at our Clark, NJ office so we can keep you walking.

 



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Podiatrist - Clark, Dr. Brandon Macy, 1114 Raritan Road, Clark NJ, 07066 732-382-3470